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Benin

Risk Profile

Benin, a coastal country in West Africa, experiences recurrent floods in addition to droughts and strong winds. Benin is also vulnerable to technological disasters and industrial pollution due to its commercial activity entailing international transport and port areas. Climate change is expected to dramatically increase the intensity and occurrence of extreme climatic events (heavy rains, storms, drought), as well as rainfall variability and coastal erosion.

CADRI Support

The Government of Benin, through the Ministry of the Interior in charge of coordinating disaster risk management, approached the United Nations System to facilitate a capacity assessment on disaster risk reduction (DRR). In September 2015, CADRI facilitated a DRR capacity assessment based on the Sendai Framework to identify national capacities related to disaster risk reduction, and presented recommendations on how these capacities could be strengthened.

The assessment of national capacity is a prerequisite for the development of a national action plan that addresses DRR priorities in the country. The evaluation methodology focuses on identifying strengths and weaknesses in disaster risk management and climate risk at the national and local levels. In September 2015, 21 municipalities with high flood risks and 10 others with moderate risks were evaluated.

The assessment pursued the following objectives:

  • Identify existing capacities of national institutions directly involved in disaster risk reduction, preparedness and response;
  • Assess the capacity of local and decentralized institutions in the areas previously identified by the Benin Government and in particular in the 21 areas most vulnerable to flooding.
  • Put forward a set of recommendations for the development of a national capacity development plan for DRR.

The assessment will be followed by a prioritization and planning process under Government leadership.