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Côte d’Ivoire

Risk Profile

Cote d’Ivoire faces recurrent floods and landslides. Caused by heavy rains during the rainy season, floods mainly affect coastal urban areas like Abidjan, where continuous and uncontrolled urbanization favors disasters. In addition, the country is heavily exposed to an increasingly significant coastal erosion phenomenon resulting in damages and losses. In the coming decades, climate change will intensify the impacts and occurrence of these phenomena. Cote d’Ivoire is also vulnerable to technological risks and industrial pollution. The most recent example is the crisis of toxic waste dumped by the ship Probo Koala causing a major environmental and health crisis in the economic capital.

CADRI Support

The Government of Cote d’Ivoire, through the Ministry of Environment, Urban Safety and Sustainable Development, requested the support of the United Nations System to conduct an assessment of DRR capacity. CADRI facilitated an inter-agency, multi-sectoral assessment aiming to identify country capacity strengths and needs related to disaster risk reduction, understand required capacities and propose recommendations on how these capacities can be achieved. A DRR training workshop was facilitated by CADRI in June 2015 to promote a broad understanding of the nature, scope and importance of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the context of sustainable development. The authorities and partners validated the Capacity Assessment Report in September 2015. The evaluation of national capacities resulted in the development of the National Action Plan for DRR (2016-2020), validated by the Prime Minister in presence of the Minister of Economy and Finance and the Minister of Environment.

Capacity Assessment in DRR

The Government of Cote d’Ivoire, through the Ministry of Environment, Urban Safety and Sustainable Development, requested the support of the UN System to conduct an assessment of DRR capacity. The Final Evaluation Report was validated by the authorities and their partners in September 2015.

The assessment of national capacities for disaster risk reduction is a prerequisite for the definition and implementation of a national plan of action. Based on the four (4) priorities of the Sendai Framework, the focus is on identifying strengths and weaknesses in key DRR sectors and proposing integrated actions for capacity development. The capacity assessment pursues the following specific objectives:

  • Assessing the capacity of national institutions directly involved in disaster risk reduction, preparedness and response;
  • Assess the capacity of regional and local institutions in the areas previously identified by the Government and its partners:
    • Abidjan (floods, landslides, anthropogenic and technological disasters)
    • District Grand Lahou (coastal erosion)
    • District of Mountains (deforestation and management of national parks and forests)
  • Formulate recommendations for the development of a Plan of Action.

National Plan of Action for Capacity Development in DRR

The evaluation of national capacities resulted in the development of the National Action Plan for Strengthening Disaster Reduction Capacities (2016-2020). On 8 September, the National Plan was validated by the Prime Minister in presence of the Minister of Economy and Finance and the Minister of Environment.

The main objective of the National Plan is as follows: "Through the implementation of the priority actions set out in the National Action Plan, Côte d'Ivoire aims to achieve a substantial reduction in the losses and risks associated with disasters in terms of human lives, Subsistence and human health, and damage to property economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental impacts of individuals, businesses and communities."

A spinoff of the CADRI Partnership engagement in Cote d’Ivoire was the signature of the decree establishing the National Platform for DRR by the Prime Minister. The National Platform will be the national coordination body for DRR responsible to oversee the implementation of the priority actions enclosed in the National Plan.