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Serbia

Disaster Profile

In Serbia, approximately 322,000 people live in urban or rural settlements that are prone to flooding.  Floods occur most frequently in the Vojvodina region. Drought became increasingly frequent in the last two decades and is most prevalent in the eastern part of the country. Wildfires are frequent and widespread in Serbia during the summer season. Serbia also registers frequent and strong seismic activity. Earthquakes with a magnitude of 7 (MKS scale) are likely to occur on around 50 percent of the country’s territory; earthquakes with a magnitude of 8 are likely on almost 20 percent of the area. At the time of the assessment, the National Geophysical Centre reports estimated economic losses due to earthquakes of approximately USD 2.7 billion over the last 33 years.

CADRI Support to Serbia

The capacity assessment mission in Serbia was organised in support of the South East Europe Disaster Risk Mitigation and Adaptation Programme, for which UNDP, WMO, ISDR, and World Bank collaborated in their respective areas of comparative advantage. Similar capacity assessment missions are also conducted for Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo (as per UNSC resolution 1244), Macedonia, Montenegro and Turkey. The capacity assessment complemented the needs assessment conducted in 2010 in all beneficiary countries of the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance, a funding mechanism of the European Union.

The Capacity Assessment was conducted using the CADRI methodology according to the five Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) priority areas, namely:

  • institutional arrangements for disaster risk reduction
  • risk identification, assessment and communication
  • knowledge, training and education
  • reducing underlying risk factors
  • enhancing disaster preparedness and response capacities.

The results of the DRR capacity assessment contributed to the development of national components as part of the regional capacity development component of the SEEDRMAP.