FAO

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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate global, regional and national policy and practices for food and agriculture.

FAO is also a source of technical expertise, knowledge and information. It helps developing countries and countries in transition to modernize and improve agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture and forestry practices and ensure resilient and sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition for all. Since its founding in 1945, FAO has focused special attention on developing rural areas, home to 70 percent of the world’s poor and hungry people and also the main provider of food. Essential for delivering on the overarching 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, FAO’s three Global Goals are:

         Eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition, progressively ensuring a world in which people at all times have sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (SDG2 on hunger);

         Elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all, with increased food production, enhanced rural development and sustainable livelihoods (SDG 1 on poverty and SDG5 on gender equality); and

         Sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate and genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations (SDGs 13, 14 and 15).

To defeat hunger, FAO serves its member countries, particularly those affected by disasters and crisis, to improve resilient and sustainable agriculture, livestock, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, and natural resource management.

 

FAO's Disaster Risk Reduction Goal

FAO has consolidated its disaster risk reduction (DRR) work under the Strategic Programme on Resilience, namely “Increasing the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises”, through which the organization provides support to member countries in the planning, implementation and monitoring of DRR measures across the agricultural-related sectors in line with the Sendai Framework for DRR and its four priority areas. FAO assists countries to increase the resilience of vulnerable households, communities and institutions to more effectively prevent, cope with and recover from threats and disasters that impact agriculture, food security and nutrition - focusing on three major clusters of shocks:

         natural hazards and related disasters (including climate extreme events) such as floods, droughts and earthquakes;

         food chain threats caused by plant pests (i.e. locust) and diseases and animal diseases (i.e. avian flu), as well as food safety threats such as radio nuclear contamination; and

         conflicts and protracted crises situations.

 

FAO’s work on  resilience  is anchored and serving the 2015 global agendas including the Sendai Framework for DRR, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the overarching Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs). It is also linked to the One Health approach and the Committee on World Food Security's Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises (FFA).

FAO promotes an inter-disciplinary and programmatic approach to DRR for food and nutrition security addressing four key areas or results:

         Legal, policy and institutional systems and regulatory frameworks for risk reduction and crisis management in agriculture sectors (Risk governance);

         Information and early warning against potential, known and emerging threats to agriculture sectors, food security, and nutrition (Early Warning system);

         Promotion and diversification of livelihoods with risk reducing technologies, approaches and practices across all agricultural sectors (Vulnerability Reduction Measures and resilient livelihoods diversification); and

         Preparedness for effective response and recovery across all agricultural sectors (Preparedness).

 

A “twin-track” approach is applied: on the one hand, taking immediate steps to protect and support agriculture, food security and nutrition as part of development and during emergency situations, and on the other, addressing the longer term and underlying factors driving risks, disasters and crises. This approach to DRR aims to promote, protect and when needed restore resilient and sustainable livelihoods so that the integrity of societies that depend on farming, fishing, livestock, forests and other natural resources is not threatened by disasters or crises.  Applying DRR measures is securing sustainable development gains for the agriculture sectors.

 

Capacity Development for the implementation of DRR/ M in the agriculture sectors

 FAO’s support to countries on Capacity Development for the implementation of DRR/M in the agriculture sectors, (including crop, livestock, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture and other renewable natural resources) include the following examples for each priority area:

I - Disaster Risk Governance

         Strengthening the capacities of line ministries, extension services and community-based organizations to deliver legislation, policies and strategies on DRR/M, through technical advice and training.

         Supporting coordination on risk informed interventions for food and agriculture and ensuring linkages among relevant line ministries (i.e. environment and natural resources and other sectoral authorities).

         Promoting and supporting Community-based DRR/M approaches and local DRR/M planning.

         Developing capacities of technical line ministries and extension services to translate DRR/M legislation and policies into national and local strategies and plans.

         Promoting partnerships among Community-based organizations, research centres and extension services for DRR/M in agriculture.

 

II – Risk Monitoring and Early Warning system

         Supporting national disaster risk monitoring and early warning system for specific hazard threatening food and agriculture sectors and related livelihoods. 

         Promoting regular and systematic food security and nutrition monitoring and analysis by national and local institution for anticipatory and preventive decision making.  

 

III- Vulnerability Reduction Measures

         Supporting risk informed and sustainable natural resources management strategies and practices (i.e., wetland management, efficient food-energy system, land and soil and water management).

         Promoting sustainable land use planning and management and access/tenure to reduce risks.

         Supporting the development of national strategies and practices on plant pests and diseases, on animal health (livestock) and on aquatic animal health for bio-security risks related to trans-boundary aquatic animal diseases.

 

IV- Preparedness

         Assisting in the integration of agriculture, food and nutrition security in national preparedness /contingency plans.

         Promoting preparedness early action linked to early warning for specific shocks threatening agricultural livelihoods.

 

To learn more about FAO's work on DRR/Resilience and emergency click here for DRR/Resilience and here for Emergency.

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